Organized crime and illicit interests present a methodological challenge for purists, mostly because the idea of non-corporate private interests seems to fall outside the scope of the definition; however, not only should they be included, but they are in fact commonplace actors in the supply-demand pipeline in both the Global North and South.

The inclusion of illicit private interests along the supply-demand continuum of the corporate capture of the State does not exclude organized crime, corrupt actors, etc. from liability and responsibility for more typically understood acts of crime.

Similarly to Mexico where often the object of capture are precisely the judicial and public security forces charged with enforcing the rule of law and prosecuting crime,South Africa’sexperience investigating State capture and holding corrupt actors accountable ran into a wall, namely deeply entrenched criminality.

In Colombia,one of the main challenges of State capture is “extrahección,” or “the inherent violence in the establishment of extractive complexes”, as defined by the Heinrich Böll Foundation (Colombia). This involves a convergence of armed actors who have responded to strategic interests associated with the capture and control of extractive rents, both legal and illegal, along with a complex process of capital accumulation through the structural dispossession of peoples, communities, and territories of extractive interest. This facilitates the interaction between public officials, rent-seeking agents, and criminal actors in processes of systematic corruption.

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